History Summarized: The Maya, Aztec, and Inca

čas přidán 29. 07. 2017
Human sacrifice, smallpox, and the Spanish empire... that's the whole story, right? Haha, eheh, hehe, HA, not even close! The civilizations of Mesoamerica are fascinating in their own right, and very distinct from each other too! Step on in and I'll learn you a thing or two.
Also no spoilers, but next time, I'm covering the Iroquois Confederation! Ok, maybe that was exactly a spoiler.
This video was produced with assistance from the Boston University Undergraduate Research Opportunities Program.
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Komentáře

  • Who needs wheels when you have llamas.

  • I'm a descendant from aztec and Spanish. 59% indigenous 38% Spanish 3% some other bullshit 😒

  • Age of mythology soundtrack! 👍

  • Me: Can we have odd1sout Mom: no we have odd1sout at home Odd1sout at home:

  • Fuck Europe

  • 2:27 What about my MCAS (our big end of year exam) math scratch paper? TOTALLY asking for a friend

  • Listening to Chocolate Outline playing in the background is giving it an interesting vibe.

  • Interesting.

  • Shout out to the Age of Mythology Soundtrack.

  • Burning of ancient books is a crime against humanity itself. Imagine the library of Alexandria, Aztec books, Timbuktu library etc. So much of human history has been lost.

  • So the people that speak nahuatl to this day in mexico 🇲🇽 what are they?

  • This is sooo well made and fun to watch! Amazing work dude!💎👌

  • lmao this music sounds like its from age of mythology

  • viva MAS viva Bolivia

  • THE REAL FACT MAYANS ARE BRANCH OF VEDIC INDIANS MAYA ASURA FROM INDIAN EPIC MAHABHARTA WHO IS AN GREAT ARCHITECT WHO TRAVELLED WORLD AND BCZ OF HIM ARCHITECTURE OF INDIAN TEMPLE AND MAYAN PYRAMID ARE SAME DESIGN REFER CAMBODIAN HINDUS ARCHITECTURE

    • @Akash S says the one who ignores archaeology and genetics.

    • @macarde10 you ignore what you cant understand

    • Not really, but you can keep on hoping.

  • Re: sacrifices. Abrahamic religions are death cults who fear death but want an afterlife. Cultures that had sacrifices had a different view of being sacrificed to their fantasies. It was seen as an honor and a way if benefiting their community. Maybe that's why it seems so alien to the selfishness that comes with the Abrahamic mythos.

  • The Spanish accounts are highly questionable in every circle because of the influence of the catholic church and greed of the people involved. You basically had the scum criminals being shipped over to the Americas to get rid of them. The USA & Canada weren't founded by people seeking "religious freedom" they were populated by crazy zealots that got kicked out of every other country in Europe... looking at you Puritans.

    • That’s a wonderful fairy tale.

  • All interesting facts, but the second I heard Kuzco, my brain turned off and my groove all the way ON!

  • ngidshufoatwegkjlgnveml

  • Pictographic, syllabic writing ... like Egyptian hieroglyphs ....

  • Age of mythology music 😩😩😩

  • Karma will soon follow to those who destroyed such civilizations....

  • I have indigenous blood as far north as Wyoming which stretches all the way down to the southern coast of Chile and Argentina thank you

  • here for school assignment and Im kinda depressed seeing all these kids here for fun.

  • who else’s teacher told them to come here

  • This was a great video to show my 5th graders until you added the "dick" comment. Really wish that wasn't said

  • “The Spaniards banged the Mayans and turned them into Mexicans” -Frank Reynolds

  • 2:27 Fidel Castro I'm looking at you buddy

  • The Aztecs had huge poetry festivals, ART was very important for them as they considered ART to be the purest form of the representation of TEOTL (God). Not the God we know, for them Teotl was energy that could not have human form, it was everywhere and in constant motion but human beings could see Teotl natural laws therefore everything was categorized and sacred even excrement (as it served plants for example) so all tge amany Gods we hear they have were for the mere use of categorizing things. Human beings and earth was Teotl ongoing work of art, and reality was illusory as one moment changes into another and we live in constant change. Earth was "The house of paintings" as everything was a perfect orchestrated in motion ongoing ever changing work of art. They were extremely practical as one could not avoid the polar opposites of life but one could find balance .

  • My instic is that they do not tell fully truth about Inka. Aztek is their own and they have not anything to do with Inka get your facts thogeter... And Mayan have nothing to do with this history ... you just need to get your shit toghether. I have read and know something about it. You just dishouner them by your unknowlegede.

  • Now I know why I despised spain ..

  • Wow Last comment 3 yrs ago

  • freez dry omg

  • Subscribe to me

  • I don't get why people argue with evidence that's not fully 100% true or known. We don't have that much information. I don't mean any offense to anybody, it's just a thought. Sorry if this offended you

  • WAMMU! AWAKEN, MY MASTERS Ayayayayaaaayyayyayy -insert arabian edm here-

  • y'all are complaining about the spanish empire, forgetting that the english empire literally exterminated a race, the tasmanian natives, and almost exterminated the australian aboriginals, and the native americans/canadians, at least in mexico, the biggest amout of population are the amerindians lol, the usa has around 1 million native americans

    • hating on one is not supporting the other, this is like saying if you hate on biden for being a racist then you must support trump, like wtf, shut your ass up

  • Asco la cultura incaca

  • I WAS WATCHING THIS IN ZOOM AND MY TEACHER DIDNT WATCH IT ALL THE WAY THROUGH STGEHEJDJNSJE

  • Too bad there are swear words. This would have been great for kids.

  • Cuando los AZTECAS llegaron a TEOTIHUACAN, quedaron maravillados de aquella ciudad en ruinas y que ocuparon, llamándola así, que a su vez significa "EL LUGAR DONDE FUERON CREADOS LOS DIOSES" NADIE SABE QUIEN LA CONSTRUYO, es un misterio!

  • That is a mouthful of info

  • Wowwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwwww!

  • I’d love to see these settings for an assassins creed game ❤️❤️❤️

  • Ur a nerd

  • honestly, if you don't have a shit ton of good roads and have a bunch of rocky terrain and steps to navigate, wheels don't work out so well. i mean... try taking a rest with a wheelbarrow full of rocks halfway up a mountain. even with a road it's just gonna want to roll back down hill. better to just carry it and then put it down when it's resting time. so the lack of wheels in inca culture kinda makes sense. wheels just aren't very practical, sometimes.

    • same goes for Egypt, wheels dont work in sand

  • Mexica is pronounced (meh-she-ca) 👍

  • Yay I got to watch you guys for my history class, the best class I've had in awhile.

  • My teacher linked me this video. I see she's a woman of culture.

  • 5:24 I swear I saw that in "47 Meters Down: Uncaged." Anyone else??

  • What about the fact that the Aztecs language was actually Hebrew and were considered to be the people of Israel also called the Issachar tribe in the Bible

    • Big G balls 805 so you’re just a troll. Pretending to be mexican in order to sow discord. Typical.

    • macarde10 and ur still see through

    • Big G balls 805 si ya dudas los arqueólogos mexicanos, que es la diferencia?

    • macarde10 I would doubt everything too if I was see through white too

    • Big G balls 805 sounds like a positively good story line.

  • Incas are mexicans and astecz and maya are too

    • Numh Muhal cya mr troll

    • @macarde10 🤣

    • Lol what ever ok your a giniues i get it byby study what you whant good fore you

    • Numh Muhal nope, lots of Europeans with blond hair and red hair as well. Ignoring them doesn’t make them go away. Pretending to be what you are not? Your English isn’t that of a non native speaker. Your errors are all wrong. Linguistics is a study after all. Trying to forment discord I see.

    • Yes ther is evry body is mix i gues ?_? Raight

  • Ey! At least we're still here! We've got our languages still, our art and we're literally still farming the same way too, with the burning and cutting and waiting.

  • And now spain is a just another country that even tho they stole so much at the end they just still the same

  • The inkas were the pretty much only fighters / warrios

  • THE REAL NATIVE AMERICANS WHO WE NOW CALL LATINOS/HOSPANICS AND DONT CONSIDER THEM A RACE WHILE NATIVE AMERICAN HAS BEEN ALWAYS A RACE

  • Oh now I'm mad about the burning texts part

  • Whos here cuz thier teacher send this

  • Karma? Fucking prick.

  • I know this video is old, but I loved it! Also, as an educator of middle schoolers, I wanted to share this with them, but since you mentioned that the conquistadors are dicks, I can't. (I mean, they totally were, but that's besides the point.) Hopefully I can find something similar that is a little more twelve year old appropriate. Thank you!

  • 2:29 My 7th grade teacher had us watch this. 2020 virtual learning lol.

  • NO. The Incas did NOT build Machu Picchu. They put on a sloppy top layer. Two much older civilizations built the original structures and the Incas topped it off, sloppily. Go there. Look. Do the research.

    • Diane Brazil yes, I’m sure that was just a slip. I know that at conferences, we always confuse the maya and Inca. Still waiting on those sources.

    • @macarde10 Good catch. I meant Inca. Thanks for the correction.

    • Diane Brazil that’s a rather cute fantasy. The last maya chief? Considering the last maya city state fell in 1697, I’m not sure how that is possible. All people will see with your comment, is another pseudo archaeological claim with zero academic research supporting it. Yes, by all means, ignore genetics, biology, forensics, the archaeological record and the linguistic studies that negate your whimsical tale. I’ll be more than happy to address any sources that you can provide me, so long as they are actual research and not the dribble peddled, by so many, for profit.

    • @macarde10 And most of them have been wrong about the history of human civilization all along. At least two, if not three, civilizations built Machu Picchu----it's in layers. You can SEE it. The top layer is Incan, the sloppiest most quickly-assembled layer which was probably added when the last Mayan chief escaped there. You think he had it built AFTER he got there? Open your mind, pal. We have only scratched the surface.

    • They have, we call them archaeologists. Funny that Macha picchu matches the same building style as that of the Inca. Why not post your sources with your claims. Making an outlandish claim with no publications to back it? Expecting others to do the work for you when you have the burden of proof, is the epitome of laziness and more likely, that of a liar. Archaeologists do dig down, so your claim of a sloppy top layer, seems to have been missed by those who have actually trained in the field.

  • Crazy to imagine no smallpox wiping out the Incas and Aztec. The Incas and Aztec would defeat the pizzaros and Cortez

  • Does anyone else HATE the stone texture around the fire place? It's just so gross looking, looks like skin to me...

  • AOE2 soundtrack?

  • The use of age of mythology's OST is always appreciated

  • hears the theme of AGE OF MYTHOLOGY instant like

  • Pretty sure rome is the only group that didnt commit genocide. They needed slaves too much to comit genocide.

    • @Clau Lemon I stand corrected. That said it says a lot about humanity when we often chose between genocide and slavery.

    • Actually, Spaniards didn't commit genocide 😅😅 they kept indigenous people so they can work in the mines, they allowed mixed marriages since the very beginning of the conquest and as a result latinoamerica has the largest mixed race inhabitants, also in Peru, Bolivia, México there are still huge indigenous people. I'm peruvian 😁

  • Here’s my theory the Mayans never “disappeared” In fact I believe they split up into many groups of people because of overpopulation in cities, water scares, political disagreement, or maybe something to do with there calendars that mark a new beginning of such source. I think the Mayan people went North or South and became the Aztecs, Inca, and a few Native American Tribes. The Aztecs and Inca have quite few similarities within each other. I think many groups of Mayans formed there own culture and it just explains that why so many of there cities were abandoned in the same timeline the Aztecs and Incas were founded.

    • i didnt read your comment, just the first 6 words or so the EZLN are alive and kicking and they are mayan

    • Well the only problem with your idea is that it isn’t true. For one, genetics track migrations. For two, they are still there. 6 million maya speakers still alive and well. With another, nearly, 2 million in the region who no longer speak the language. While it is believed that they disappeared or that they mostly abandoned their cities, it isn’t true. The classic maya age cane to an end and they moved into the highlands to the south and to the north in the Yucatán. Those cities of the classic maya, didn’t exactly just become abandoned over night. Maya continued to live there, just in much smaller numbers. Many cities would continue on until the arrival of the Spanish. Their last city called Tayasal or Nojpeten, didn’t fall to the Spanish until 1697. So as you can see, the maya didn’t move. In fact they rebelled against the Mexican government in 1847 and established another country composed mainly of the maya. That rebellion, while officially over in 1901, wasn’t truly over until the 1930s. It is called the caste war, and took several countries to bring it to an end. Those similarities you see in between cultures only serve to demonstrate that ideas can arise in more than one location. We see that with clothing, with pottery ware, with writing, with structures, and so on and so on. Your time line as to the abandonment of the classic maya cities also doesn’t fit the timeline of the Aztecs or the Inca. It is off by several hundred years. That would also ignore the great civilizations that existed in those regions long before the end of the classic maya.

  • Anyone from Ec doing their class work

  • my teacher is making me watch this

  • You’re pronouncing mexica wrong

  • Remember, history is always told by the victors point of view.

  • Please, stop talking so dang fast!

  • Was going to use this to make an EdPuzzle with for my students but then I heard the word "dick" and while it is a word my high schoolers spew often I do not think it will work for me to post it. So disappointed bc this is an awesome video!

  • Too much “sarcasm”.

  • The drawing reminds me of the coach of Karasuno

  • OUR TEACHERS MADE US HEAR HIM SAY ****

  • There’s soooo much misinformation in this video .. I can’t blame the guy because there’s so much BS out there about our cultures , the fact that they though about not interfering doesn’t make it right that they killed about 90% of the Mexika (BTW it’s pronounced.. Meh • She • ka ) and other indigenous people. I’ve also been told that the sacrifice thing was a made up excuse by the Spanish to justify their actions like he said most of what we know about our people is from the Spanish..Also forgot the Purepechas or “Tarascan “ people they had their own “empire “ next door to the Mexika.

    • While there are inaccuracies, I’d hardly say that Mexican archaeologists would agree that the sacrifices were made up. They have no reason to lie, especially when there are many with Native American blood.

  • Would have loved to show this to my class, sadly your use of language will not allow that.

  • I would like to use some of your videos in my middle school classroom. Just like some others, l can't use this one because of some of the language you use. If you clean it up, just a bit, it would be much more useful.

  • I take De Las Casas with a grain of salt because after he said, "Hey maybe we should leave the Native peoples alone." He also said "Let's use other slaves instead" so.....

  • Remember kids when they say the Europeans conquered the new world, they really mean the Hispanics conquered the Latins.

    • James Esparza just because others use mis information, doesn’t mean you should. Especially if you get so upset by it.

    • @macarde10 two things, A, I was clearly referring to the locations focused on in the video, second I was trying to flip you up with ethnically white, you have no idea how much people think thats a thing, and III Its a youtube comment section on something i posted weeks ago im clearly half heartedly giving a damn about this conversation.

    • James Esparza “near modern day,” what? Hispanic is also not a term used in Latin America. Ethnically white? I didn’t know that a person with light skin tone, constituted an ethnicity. We must have missed that memo. I’m well aware that not all colonists were European, considering that the Portuguese and Spanish both utilized former captives or slaves to whom they had given their freedom for whatever reasons. That doesn’t include those who were kept in servitude, let alone the slaves brought over from Africa and other parts of the world, such as the Philippines. Your original comment said the Hispanics conquered the latins, that’s incorrect. People from Iberia, not all of whom spoke a dialect of Latin, were part of that Iberians influx into the America’s. The America’s didn’t have latins.

    • @macarde10 no it makes perfect sense I am referring to one of the largest Hispanic Empires near modern day as well as tribal nature to conquer. Atop of that my OP was clearly assaulting the modern day notion that ethnically white people were the colonists of the new world. You on the other hand are seemingly trying to be a contrarian for, "meh ego's" Sake.

    • James Esparza hardly makes sense if one came after the other;)

  • Love the Age of Mythology music

  • The music is at Age of Mythology

  • 0:30 Age of Mythology!!!!

  • Fun fact: had to watch this for school and it might’ve been the most non boring video I had to watch for school awesome

  • the age of empires music just puts it alll together doesnt ti

  • When I move out indeed I’ll be living just by myself not with anyone that can be a fuck up

  • Colonization is the only thing that makes me appreciate 2020

  • Olmec-Legends of the hidden temple “childhood nostalgia”

  • "its a start?" clearly you dont know what its like to look back on your ancestors and be met with frustration and anger because the whole culture was stripped and burned away along with its people and the survivors left being erased in the process of assimilation. no. its not a start. its what is expected. its like telling a family whose daughter was kidnapped, raped, and murdered that the bastard who did it "at least felt bad. that's a start...?"

    • Miss Jean my high horse now feels like a pony :(

    • @macarde10 I feel like you just wanted to show how smart you are. congrats on that degree. but what you're talking about has little to do with my statements. my original comment was that that creator saying "its a start" was insensitive and not at all "a start" but something that should be expected and not at all justified as "its a start" . I then put a comparable example and left it at that. someone then mentioned "their culture is still alive" in which case I basically said that although true they are still being forced to assimilate which makes "very much alive" an over statement as they are struggling to survive with their language and culture.(not to mention he lumped all three very different cultures together) i never denied their existence, in fact i called them survivors. nor did I imply that the Spaniards today are to blame? thats just a lot of your own ideas being projected onto my short comments and have absolutely nothing to do with me. But please, continue to ride off elsewhere into the sunset on your high horse. im sure someone would like to hear your thoughts as much as you like to hear your own. maybe they will one day be relevant to what is actually being said.

    • Miss Jean he isn’t wrong. Your anger at the Spanish and other European people doesn’t negate that native Americans do still exist in the America’s. Yes they exist with their culture. Language is a part of their culture. Many still speak their languages. Dress is a part of their culture, many still use traditional dress. Food is a part of their culture, many still eat their traditional foods. Medicinal practices are a part of their culture, many still grow and cultivate the plants that they use daily, for medicinal purposes. Oral traditions are a part of their culture. Some still practice the passing on of oral narratives. While they also might be catholic or Christian, holding ceremonies in locations once utilized by their ancestors, is also considered an extension of their culture. My father was purepecha and had many stories and ideas that were hardly European. He spoke the language. He viewed food through the eyes of a Native American, given the way he revered it and spoke of its power, specifically corn, chocolate, peppers and tomatoes. Those are not ideas you see within European ideology. It is something you will see in other indigenous groups of the America’s. Ignoring their existence and the rich culture that some still have, won’t make it go away. Holding anger over the past won’t allow us to move on. There is no going back. While I never grew up in that culture, I speak with those who have. Do your think they want to lose their Spanish? Or their English? Do you think they want to lose what now defines them as the people they are today? Yes they still identify as a specific people but they also identify with being Guatemalan, Mexican, Peruvian, Colombian, and so on. If you want to know why I speak with them, I’m anthropologist, my father was an historian. He, who hated the Spanish with a passion, had no issue living in Spain while he studied the written history of colonial times. He also apparently let some of that anger go, because he did befriend and maintain friendships with Spanish and basque people. Hatred and anger are not an easy thing to let go. Holding on to it will not bring the past back nor the lost histories. I myself have spent much time in the north of Spain. They are not the monsters so many would still like to believe. Those alive today are not responsible for the actions of those from long ago. There are some who deny it and claim it’s a lie from the British, but many many more who acknowledge atrocities and evils were done. Most view Latinos as brothers and not some poor cousin or someone beneath them.

    • @Birio Lolio "the culture" clearly shows you don't know what you're talking about as it talks about 3 DIFFERENT CULTURES. its literally in the name of the video. "Maya, Aztec, Inca" and "very much alive" is an overstatement as who is left of the indigenous people from these civilizations are still being forced to assimilate. their language at the risk of being erased by the Spanish language. not to mention the fact what we know comes mostly from the racist point of view of Spanish colonizers. And even with all of this said, your statement is still irrelevant to mine mostly due to the fact that even if you are right, colonizers still took part in all that I mentioned making "it's a start" still an insensitive and ignorant statement.

    • the culture and people are still very much alive

  • It's pronounced "meshica" not mexica.

  • Indoctrination of dogma. The Brain Chip Theory Book.

  • The background soundtrack was from Age of Mythology. Nice choice

  • "[The Olmecs] are still decently mysterious" we don't even know the name they gave themselves, the word Olmec means people of the land of rubber, but was given by the Náhuatl people that inhabited the lands later on.

  • Portuguese, Spaniards, Dutch and British..which one of them are the worst involving the colonization of natives and indigenous people of the world?

    • Clau Estuvo Aquí semantics

    • British

    • Noël Schubiger it was only under English control for a period of time. Much longer under afrikaner control.

    • @macarde10 of course all major powers treated the people in their respective colonies pretty badly. Altough the question was about which one was the worst, and I gave my opinion about that. I'm aware of the fact, that white minorities in RSA are mainly dutch, but it was mostly under english control, especially during apartheid. In difference to Spanish colonies, the people didn't mix with the indigenous, what will directly lead to ethnic separation and racism. Nobody can really tell which ones were the worst, but I just wanted to give my opinion about the topic and that doesn't mean only blaming one group

    • Noël Schubiger, yes because all afrikaners( mainly Dutch) are strictly somehow only English in your eyes. perhaps recheck you history lesson. I’m neither English nor Dutch, but I think blaming one group for the views once common in multiple European countries, is a bit reprehensible.

  • Did the Yucatecan government pay you to call Guatemala the Yucatan peninsula? The Maya originated in Guatemala. Period. Their culture began in the Guatemalan highlands and the the Pacific coast. Good God, the Mexican propaganda.

    • elgordo111 you can’t lump all Mexicans into the same basket. Yes there are quite a few idiots out there. What you say is very true, the maya region and homeland is centered in Guatemala. Clearly they also existed in other countries however, even before the end of the classic period. I see Guatemala as mainly a maya country. There are those who have little to no maya blood but the majority of your beautiful country is indeed maya.

    • @Noël Schubiger When this pandemic is over and things are back to normal, hop over to Guatemala from Chiapas -- where part of my family had its lands in colonial times -- and see what I'm talking about. I have been to Chiapas many times and I love it, the architecture, the culture, the foods, the music, etc. are closer to Guatemala's than to to the rest of Mexico. I haven't been to the Yucatan so I can't comment on it. I do know this, the Maya who built Chichen Itza, the last speakers of that language are in Guatemala. Mexico and Guatemala were carved out by the Europeans to suit their exploitation and plunder, fact that we are having this discussion show how their strategy works, divide and conquer. Take care and stay safe.

    • elgordo111 I can understand you feel ofended by Mexicans calling you indio. I‘m from Chiapas myself and my girlfriend even talks mayan(tzotzil), but never I would call someone an indio because of his race or nationality. I just think it‘s not too clear where mayans are from exactly, just because of that chiapaneco and yucateco culture is so different from the rest of mexico, because of their mayan background. But I can also accept that the first mayans originated in Guatemala and I understand your anger.

    • @Noël Schubiger In the opinion of most Mayanists, the Maya language originated in Guatemala. I accept their learned opinion. The difference between Chiapas and Guatemala is an imaginary line, Chiapas is part of the Maya area, centered in Guatemala. This is the reason Chiapas was part of Guatemala in colonial times. I am only being this insistent because many Mexicans are racist and they call all Guatemalans Indios. When we correct them and say, we're not Indios, we're Mayas, they get defensive and refuse to accept the fact that Guatemala is the heart of the Maya world.

    • @Noël Schubiger Mayanists are fairly sure Mayas originated in the Guatemalan highlands, around Huehuetenango -- look up its etymology. Maya Chiapas is closer to Guatemala culturally than to Mexico.

  • So Spanish language never existed when the Mayans and Aztecs were around? Not until the Spanish people came? Mexicans are really not descendants from spain?

    • Just like any other native people in the America’s they had their own languages , there are Mexicans,Colombians, Venezuelans,Peruvian etc with European descent due to colonization .