How the First Americans Got There

čas přidán 5. 01. 2018
This week, researches published a genetic analysis of the 11,500-year-old remains of a baby found in Alaska, near where the first Americans crossed the Bering land bridge. That analysis has answered some lingering questions about human migration to the Americas.
Thumbnail Image Credit: Eric S. Carlson in collaboration with Ben Potter
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Sources:
press.nature.com/?post_type=press_release&p=100893
nature.com/articles/doi:10.1038/nature25173
www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25385599
www.pnas.org/content/112/45/13833.abstract

Komentáře

  • Who else is here because of their teachers link?

  • Ethiopia is Atlantis!, is proven with undisputed historical facts, as referenced. Once you have read the book to your satisfaction, would you be kind enough to share the book with people. I challenge anyone to prove the book inaccurate/wrong. Let the truth be known! The book is freely available at archive.org/details/ethiopia-is-atlantis-george-mac-d-lynch and www.mycvp.com/welcome-.html.

    • Well unfortunately there’s just so many questions that your claim can’t answer. Let alone that for whatever reason(I’m sure it’s just convenient), you ignore genetics and the majority of true archaeological studies. Utilizing pseudo archaeologists who believe that archaeology, for the most part, ended in 1930 doesn’t create any support for your views. Several questions go unanswered by your claim, and by several, I mean many. If today’s native Americans are a second coming, how do the African Americans and afrolatinos share the genetics of west Africa? How is it that they carry the gene for sickle disease, originating in west Africa? How are most African descendants in the America’s, related to the Bantu of Africa? How is there no mtdna admixture from Africa found in all the other precolumbian burials? Why don’t we see a more ancient admixture predating those of the slaves brought to Mexico or any other part of the new world? How is it that today’s native Americans are the ones who didn’t carry the anti bodys for the old world diseases that the Spanish brought with them? Today’s African descendants in the America’s did. How is it that your have all lost your languages, supposedly, while today’s native Americans still have many who speak them? How do they have the words and knowledge of the plants, foods and animals of the regions? Why would so many European countries, enemies of each other, lie? Why would they try to cover it up? Why do the African Americans and Latino Africans share blood types out of Africa, while today’s native Americans show the bottle neck effect from the populating of the America’s? Why do the ancient burials share the same genetics as that of today’s native Americans? If your claim is that they brought over civilization to the olmecs, then answer the following. How is it that the Egyptians who only had riverine boats, crossed an ocean? They wrote of their travels to Western Africa, along the coast. Why along the coast? Perhaps because they knew they were unable to venture far into the open sea. They wrote about their travels overland. They wrote about everything. They were a proud people, yet they didn’t write about traveling to a different land? What did they do for the 1000 years between the great pyramids and the pyramid like structures in the Olmec region? Why not land somewhere much easier to land? Why disembark where the olmecs lived? Why didn’t they leave the language behind or many words? The Spanish did. Why were their religions so different? Why didn’t they bring their cultural goods with them? How did the Egyptians who carried the same diseases as Europeans, not spread it through out the land in the new world? Why are the hieroglyphs completely different? Why didn’t they bring foods over or bring some back to Egypt? Why didn’t they bring animals over? Why was the clothing different? Why the mesoamerican ball game? Why are new world temples not similar in construction, usage or design as that of the great pyramids, let alone the ziggurats? Why didn’t they leave behind any genetic material? Why do the ancient Egyptians not appear to resemble the Olmec heads? Why do you compare iconography and art to people? Is all art comparable to people? Which Africans are they comparable to? Since not all, if even half of Africans have those features? How are there massive structures, in the America’s, dating to 1000 years before the great pyramids and about 500 years before the Egyptians? Again look to the Andes and then Watson Brake in Louisiana. Still waiting on actual answers.

  • When you have to study 😩

  • Ethiopia is Atlantis! I’ve written the book, Ethiopia is Atlantis! The book presents indisputable historical facts that Ethiopia is Atlantis! Maybe reading the facts of the book will help people understand the truth. Anyone is more than welcome to publicly attempt disproving the facts that Ethiopia is Atlantis! The book is freely available at archive.org/details/ethiopia-is-atlantis-george-mac-d-lynch and www.mycvp.com/welcome-.html. Shalom!

    • George, good to see you again, still waiting for truly academic research supporting your ideas. Several questions go unanswered by your claim, and by several, I mean many. If today’s native Americans are a second coming, how do the African Americans and afrolatinos share the genetics of west Africa? How is it that they carry the gene for sickle disease, originating in west Africa? How are most African descendants in the America’s, related to the Bantu of Africa? How is there no mtdna admixture from Africa found in all the other precolumbian burials? Why don’t we see a more ancient admixture predating those of the slaves brought to Mexico or any other part of the new world? How is it that today’s native Americans are the ones who didn’t carry the anti bodys for the old world diseases that the Spanish brought with them? Today’s African descendants in the America’s did. How is it that your have all lost your languages, supposedly, while today’s native Americans still have many who speak them? How do they have the words and knowledge of the plants, foods and animals of the regions? Why would so many European countries, enemies of each other, lie? Why would they try to cover it up? Why do the African Americans and Latino Africans share blood types out of Africa, while today’s native Americans show the bottle neck effect from the populating of the America’s? Why do the ancient burials share the same genetics as that of today’s native Americans? If your claim is that they brought over civilization to the olmecs, then answer the following. How is it that the Egyptians who only had riverine boats, crossed an ocean? They wrote of their travels to Western Africa, along the coast. Why along the coast? Perhaps because they knew they were unable to venture far into the open sea. They wrote about their travels overland. They wrote about everything. They were a proud people, yet they didn’t write about traveling to a different land? What did they do for the 1000 years between the great pyramids and the pyramid like structures in the Olmec region? Why not land somewhere much easier to land? Why disembark where the olmecs lived? Why didn’t they leave the language behind or many words? The Spanish did. Why were their religions so different? Why didn’t they bring their cultural goods with them? How did the Egyptians who carried the same diseases as Europeans, not spread it through out the land in the new world? Why are the hieroglyphs completely different? Why didn’t they bring foods over or bring some back to Egypt? Why didn’t they bring animals over? Why was the clothing different? Why the mesoamerican ball game? Why are new world temples not similar in construction, usage or design as that of the great pyramids, let alone the ziggurats? Why didn’t they leave behind any genetic material? Why do the ancient Egyptians not appear to resemble the Olmec heads? Why do you compare iconography and art to people? Is all art comparable to people? Which Africans are they comparable to? Since not all, if even half of Africans have those features? How are there massive structures, in the America’s, dating to 1000 years before the great pyramids and about 500 years before the Egyptians? Again look to the Andes and then Watson Brake in Louisiana. Still waiting on actual answers.

  • Further to​ macarde10 I humbly suggest you get an adult to read you my responses.

    • That’s a very cute interpretation of why I need to constantly cut and paste since you keep starting new threads and running away from the old ones. I wonder why:) I actually don’t really wonder, since it’s just basic psychology. But hey, we are getting quite a kick out of it. You ignore any comments that contradict your claims and still can’t provide legitimate sources asides from your own little book, other pseudo scientific claims and those of a racist website. You deflect and avoid, typical of all of those who peddle their pseudo scientific dribble on CS-tv. I’ll just copy and paste my replies to each thread that you create. What’s a better way to fight your pseudo scientific dribble. George Lynch that’s funny. I think anyone who sees your website, which you love to cite, as the source of all your information, they will find it rather racist in general. Claiming that someone doesn’t understand the meaning of words, in different contexts doesn’t mean they lack an understanding of the use of the words. The only one who can’t carry a straight argument is the person who can’t provide sources other than websites and the fairy tales that they themselves spout out. Which is probably why you like to create multiple threads. Rather than actually face the vast amount of research which contradict your beliefs, you cut and run. All people see is another centrist who likes to redirect the conversation. Such as creating multiple threads to the same individuals, where you can believe you are correct. However, you wouldn’t need to do that, if you truly believed in the nonsense that you peddle. That’s also not the website you originally posted. After seeing the first that you posted, I won’t bother to visit your website or any publication or video you suggest. Why can’t you provide any scientific publications that support your ideas? The only ones that you post lack the backing of the majority of researchers in those fields simply because the finds themselves lack sufficient data to make declarations along those lines... such as the supposed tools found with mastodon bones dating to 130,000 bc. Where are the cut marks on the bones? Where were the flakes from the tools? Where were the other signs of human or hominid activity? Why not also mention why a site is disputed? Providing an example that is highly dubious doesn’t prove your point. Rather, it shows that you pick and choose any item that you may believe supports your views, while ignoring the majority of data to the contrary. On your other posts, yes you provided a very racist website. How does any person refute your data when you don’t provide the research so one can review it? You can challenge others all you want, all you do is sidestep and evade and then run to a different thread to avoid further discussion.

  • Further to my responses to macarde 10 - You are deliberately an ass. Read my responses, and continuity of responses very carefully!

    • I’ll just copy and paste my replies to each thread that you create. What’s a better way to fight your pseudo scientific dribble. George Lynch that’s funny. I think anyone who sees your website, which you love to cite, as the source of all your information, they will find it rather racist in general. Claiming that someone doesn’t understand the meaning of words, in different contexts doesn’t mean they lack an understanding of the use of the words. The only one who can’t carry a straight argument is the person who can’t provide sources other than websites and the fairy tales that they themselves spout out. Which is probably why you like to create multiple threads. Rather than actually face the vast amount of research which contradict your beliefs, you cut and run. All people see is another centrist who likes to redirect the conversation. Such as creating multiple threads to the same individuals, where you can believe you are correct. However, you wouldn’t need to do that, if you truly believed in the nonsense that you peddle. That’s also not the website you originally posted. After seeing the first that you posted, I won’t bother to visit your website or any publication or video you suggest. Why can’t you provide any scientific publications that support your ideas? The only ones that you post lack the backing of the majority of researchers in those fields simply because the finds themselves lack sufficient data to make declarations along those lines... such as the supposed tools found with mastodon bones dating to 130,000 bc. Where are the cut marks on the bones? Where were the flakes from the tools? Where were the other signs of human or hominid activity? Why not also mention why a site is disputed? Providing an example that is highly dubious doesn’t prove your point. Rather, it shows that you pick and choose any item that you may believe supports your views, while ignoring the majority of data to the contrary. On your other posts, yes you provided a very racist website. How does any person refute your data when you don’t provide the research so one can review it? You can challenge others all you want, all you do is sidestep and evade and then run to a different thread to avoid further discussion.

  • Oh brother!

  • Angry trump voters debunk this as they know there more religiously tolerant and politically liberal forefathers landed on an empty continent aboard the Mayflower. The erroneously named native American migrated some 3 weeks after were upon the first followers of he of the hair coloured by sunny delight then tried to build an ice wall similar to the one in winterfell. PLEASE SO CALLED SCI SHOW STOP PANDERING TO THE DEMOCRATIC OR LIBERAL HELLSPAWN AND SHOW THE TRUTH ALL US TRUMPITES CAN TRACE OUR LINEAGE PROUDLY BACK TO OUR ULTIMATE FOREFATHERS OF 3 COUPLES ALREADY MARRIED COUSINS AND UNCLE 4 THUMBS SO CRUELLY SHUNNED BY THE INTOLERANT BRITISH THIS IS OUR PROUD HISTORY AND JUST FOR REFERENCE HAVING 4 THUMBS ALLOWS ME TO TYPE THIS IN UNDER 90 SECONDS

  • I would like to see the babies' face and body features.

  • Dufuck

  • In further public response to macarde10 - I’ve never quoted my website, mycvp.com, as a source of information. Clearly, you do not understand what is a source. I guess every source that does not meet your fancy, carries a fairy tale. I seldom use websites as sources. But you already know that, since you are self-sufficient with what I do. I repeat - (1) I openly challenge, and dare you, to prove anything racist, and not factual, that I have said on my website, mycvp.com. (2) Disprove anything I have said, anything. (3) Maybe you have not learned, “generally contested” is not disproof. It is not even close. (4) I will even add - show the areas that have been “generally contested”. All four in response to what you have written. I like good factual arguments. But we won’t have from you, will we? It looks like you have only been running your mouth, endlessly. I was willing to entertain you for a while. But you seem unable to produce anything factual to back your accusations. Get your facts, and come again. Failing that, I would get nasty! Shalom!

    • I’ll just copy and paste my replies to each thread that you create. George Lynch that’s funny. I think anyone who sees your website, which you love to cite, as the source of all your information, they will find it rather racist in general. Claiming that someone doesn’t understand the meaning of words, in different contexts doesn’t mean they lack an understanding of the use of the words. The only one who can’t carry a straight argument is the person who can’t provide sources other than websites and the fairy tales that they themselves spout out. Which is probably why you like to create multiple threads. Rather than actually face the vast amount of research which contradict your beliefs, you cut and run. All people see is another centrist who likes to redirect the conversation. Such as creating multiple threads to the same individuals, where you can believe you are correct. However, you wouldn’t need to do that, if you truly believed in the nonsense that you peddle. That’s also not the website you originally posted. After seeing the first that you posted, I won’t bother to visit your website or any publication or video you suggest. Why can’t you provide any scientific publications that support your ideas? The only ones that you post lack the backing of the majority of researchers in those fields simply because the finds themselves lack sufficient data to make declarations along those lines... such as the supposed tools found with mastodon bones dating to 130,000 bc. Where are the cut marks on the bones? Where were the flakes from the tools? Where were the other signs of human or hominid activity? Why not also mention why a site is disputed? Providing an example that is highly dubious doesn’t prove your point. Rather, it shows that you pick and choose any item that you may believe supports your views, while ignoring the majority of data to the contrary. On your other posts, yes you provided a very racist website. How does any person refute your data when you don’t provide the research so one can review it? You can challenge others all you want, all you do is sidestep and evade and then run to a different thread to avoid further discussion.

  • In further public response to macarde10 - Disprove anything I have said, anything. Maybe you have not learned, “generally contested” is not disproof. It is not even close. I will repeat - Undoubtedly you do not know the meaning of racist, racism, racialism, etc. You can’t even carry a straight argument. All over the frigging place. But I will entertain you a little while. Prove anything wrong, that I have said/written. Let’s go!

    • Hard to provide anything since you delete threads and create new ones, essentially running from any discussion when presented with the vast amount of research that contradicts your very racist website, and the nonsense you like to peddle. In response to the original comment from yesterday .... “George Lynch that’s funny. I think anyone who sees your website, which you love to cite, as the source of all your information, they will find it rather racist in general. Claiming that someone doesn’t understand the meaning of words, in different contexts doesn’t mean they lack an understanding of the use of the words. The only one who can’t carry a straight argument is the person who can’t provide sources other than websites and the fairy tales that they themselves spout out. Which is probably why you like to create multiple threads. Rather than actually face the vast amount of research which contradict your beliefs, you cut and run. All people see is another centrist who likes to redirect the conversation. Such as creating multiple threads to the same individuals, where you can believe you are correct. However, you wouldn’t need to do that, if you truly believed in the nonsense that you peddle.”

  • In further public response to macarde10 - I humbly advise you to read my book, Ethiopia is Atlantis!. It is freely available at archive.org/details/ethiopia-is-atlantis-george-mac-d-lynch.

    • George Lynch all I see are the same lies with no evidence, that you keep claiming exists. I’m still waiting. I guess you will just create another thread and run to that one soon enough.

    • @macarde10 You are deliberately an ass. Read my responses, and continuity of responses very carefully!

    • I’ll just copy and paste my replies to each thread that you create. What’s a better way to fight the ignorance of a centrist and backer of pseudo archaeological beliefs:) George Lynch that’s funny. I think anyone who sees your website, which you love to cite, as the source of all your information, they will find it rather racist in general. Claiming that someone doesn’t understand the meaning of words, in different contexts doesn’t mean they lack an understanding of the use of the words. The only one who can’t carry a straight argument is the person who can’t provide sources other than websites and the fairy tales that they themselves spout out. Which is probably why you like to create multiple threads. Rather than actually face the vast amount of research which contradict your beliefs, you cut and run. All people see is another centrist who likes to redirect the conversation. Such as creating multiple threads to the same individuals, where you can believe you are correct. However, you wouldn’t need to do that, if you truly believed in the nonsense that you peddle. That’s also not the website you originally posted. After seeing the first that you posted, I won’t bother to visit your website or any publication or video you suggest. Why can’t you provide any scientific publications that support your ideas? The only ones that you post lack the backing of the majority of researchers in those fields simply because the finds themselves lack sufficient data to make declarations along those lines... such as the supposed tools found with mastodon bones dating to 130,000 bc. Where are the cut marks on the bones? Where were the flakes from the tools? Where were the other signs of human or hominid activity? Why not also mention why a site is disputed? Providing an example that is highly dubious doesn’t prove your point. Rather, it shows that you pick and choose any item that you may believe supports your views, while ignoring the majority of data to the contrary. On your other posts, yes you provided a very racist website. How does any person refute your data when you don’t provide the research so one can review it? You can challenge others all you want, all you do is sidestep and evade and then run to a different thread to avoid further discussion.

  • In public response to macarde10 - “Palpatines racist propaganda aside”. How did that enter my context? Undoubtedly you do not know the meaning of racist, racism, racialism, etc. I said Afruikans have been in America before 130,000BC. I did not say Africans have been visiting the America’s for 130,000 years. They are not the same statements. You apparently do not understand when a site is referenced. I did not create the content. I referenced it. You probably have a challenge with reading. I never reference without source. I explicitly indicated the source of my reference. Although I did not create the content, if you would like to go to 5,000,000years or more I am open to it, with references. I’ll cover hominid activity. What do you know of Hominin activity? Where did it begin? We will discuss all kinds of Afruikan history, whilst expecting your truthful response. Not the garbage you espoused. Shalom!

    • George Lynch that’s funny. I think anyone who sees your website, which you love to cite, as the source of all your information, they will find it rather racist in general. Claiming that someone doesn’t understand the meaning of words, in different contexts doesn’t mean they lack an understanding of the use of the words. The only one who can’t carry a straight argument is the person who can’t provide sources other than websites and the fairy tales that they themselves spout out. Which is probably why you like to create multiple threads. Rather than actually face the vast amount of research which contradict your beliefs, you cut and run. All people see is another centrist who likes to redirect the conversation. Such as creating multiple threads to the same individuals, where you can believe you are correct. However, you wouldn’t need to do that, if you truly believed in the nonsense that you peddle.

  • How can you keep a straight face and say that? The truth Is Ancient Ethiopians were the first Americans. They settled America first; during excavations in Mexico; cheikh anta diop proved that African bones were found next to Olmec heads, Also Olmec glyphs come from the Mandi language in modern day “Africa”. Why Caucasian archeologists won’t tell the truth is beyond science. How about the origin story of the Aztecs which tell they came from Africa or the “West”.... In closing the actual native Americans are “African Americans”, but nobody wants to speak on it...

    • macarde10 Thanks

    • macarde10 I will take my research more seriously, thanks for asking the hard questions and challenging me, I only wished I was able to respond to your prior questions more adequately. Just about every time I got ready to respond to you seriously, I got pulled on to various other things.

    • richard williams thank you for providing me another example of a source that doesn’t cite anything, let alone provide research to review. Citing a website that is an open source which isn’t subject to peer review is the same as publishing a book based on lies. That page isn’t a proper source. Published articles which do cite their information and go through the lengths of providing the methodology of their research and how they came to their conclusions is what we ask of you and all other centric and pseudo archaeological claims. They should be subjected to peer review. If you are truly interested in real archaeology, perhaps learn the scientific method and how it’s methodology works. Don’t just believe, read up on it, read the arguments for and against theories, hypotheses, or even questionable claims.

    • macarde10 academia.edu/resource/work/8457889

    • richard williams the word is cite not site. Are you sure you are aware? You still fail to provide any recognized sources. Again, a book which uses antiquated and ethnocentric propaganda is not a source. All you are doing is deflecting and sidestepping. Why not address the questions I posted above? Why must I, agreeing with the ample archaeological data, prove everything with a list of sources for you? You, who argue against everything in the archaeological record, won’t provide anything let alone read what I provide you. You are the one who made the outlandish claims in the original post, but fail to provide anything but names of charlatans and misguided people. Again the time lines between The pyramids of Egypt are far before the olmecs. Then again, the first monumental construction and early predecessors of pyramids in the America’s, appear before the those of Egypt, 1000 years before to be exact. Why are the pyramids not built alike or for the same use? Why are the religions different? Why didn’t the cultural items in the America’s suddenly change with the arrival of these supposed bringers of civilization? There you go, a few more questions... for you to ignore and deflect as always, typical of all pseudo archeologists, eurocentrists and afrocentrists. Perhaps, just perhaps, this is why most archaeologists won’t even waste their time with fringe beliefs. Rather than actually look at the data, or read the arguments for and against, you just avoid everything. www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/11/ancient-dna-confirms-native-americans-deep-roots-north-and-south-america www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5541313/ www.csueastbay.edu/museum/files/docs/exhibit/dna/dna-mtdna-studdies-native-amer.pdf advances.sciencemag.org/content/2/4/e1501385.full www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4546282/ www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3905771/ www.sciencedirect.com/topics/neuroscience/ancient-dna

  • You forgot to mention the migrations from Oceania across the Pacific Ocean and from Africa across the Atlantic Ocean.

    • Why mention that which didn’t populate the America’s.

  • So how are they Native Americans when they had to migrate from somewhere else to America???

    • So how are Asians, Asian if they migrated from somewhere else? How are Europeans, European if they migrated from somewhere else. There are indigenous groups within Europe and Asia, some of whom have been in their regions for thousands of years. Every group in the world has migrated at one point or another.

  • After migrating out of Alaska, traveling South through the interior of Canada, exists string of lakes and rivers, potentially easy paths to travel along. Glacial sheets to the East covering parts of Canada down towards the Dakotas, restricting travel and depositing till. Travel could have lead early migrants down the mountains, through woodlands, South towards the Great Plains region? Could it be possible that the Black Hills are one of the first possible 'Safe-Havens' for our Paleo-Indian Ancestors?

  • Is the speaker conducting an orchestra?

  • Soo, youre telling me that native americans are asian?

  • In your Beringian Stand-still graphic you show Glaciers only on the Siberian and Alaskan edges of Beringia. My understanding is that at time of Glacial maximum (26,500-19,000 years ago) the whole of Beringia would have been covered in kilometre deep ice sheets. These would have to be crossed before reaching any `ice-free corridor' running down Central Alaska. The coastal settlement theory that they could have coastal hopped between coves and islands now submerged is gaining strength.As early as 60, 000 years ago proto-Melanesians were a seafaring people. There is evidence of voyages of 150- 450 km by 32,000 years ago. All of which supports the idea of a possible coastal settlement path up the coast of Asia and across to the Alaskan Coast of the Americas. Whether those early explorer /colonisers fought their way on foot across expansive glaciers and down an ice-free corridor within Alaska or battled stormy seas around the fringes of Beringia they must have been remarkably tough and resilient individuals and communities.

  • In other words, the DNA of the two babies are not strongly related to the DNA of populations now in the Americas.So proponents of the land bridge theory come up with two sets of other populations for which there is no evidence in the DNA of the babies to speculate on where early Americans came from. Instead of being isolated by ice, I suggest that the ice of the glacial maximum created broad highways over the seas for travel and migration. That does not take into consideration the strong possibility of migration by sea. So at the very least, the title of this presentation is incorrect. We do not know where the first Americans came from, and the DNA of the babies tells us nothing about that.

    • Jay Brodell yes I’ve heard but it still suggested by scientist that a group split off on traveling to Australia the other across the land bridge earlier than the original wave that’s talked about. The baby wasn’t closely related but it was still related showing the had a common ancestor which came from Asia, it just means they branched off and didn’t have much of any contact afterwards.even if Neanderthals used rafts it’s extremely unlikely that those rafts could withstand a sea or ocean journey. Boats at this time where extremely primitive.

    • @Pickle Rick Actually there is some support for the idea that people from Australia peopled the coast of what is now Chile much earlier than 11,000 B.C. Also in Brazil. There also have been suggestions that Neanderthals used rafts. The DNA of the baby does not seem to be closely related to the American native populations, if I understood the video correctly.

    • It’s pretty clear cut where natives came from which is East asia dna alone proves, even the babies dna in the video demonstrated common ancestor between people on the land bridge and native population suggesting they both came from the same place which is Asia. It’s not really disputed where natives came from it’s debated how they did it. Traveling up and down coast lines may have been possible but to traverse an ocean before the development of wood cutting and treating and metal tools seems impossible especially since civilization wouldn’t exist for another 10000 years.

  • Another public response to macarde 10 foolishness - I wish some of you people will go over to mycvp.com. And read my new book, Ethiopia is Atlantis! After reading the book, you will be able to factually deal with the tripe from macarde 10. I wish you all will go over to the site and download the book, and learn the truth, which is so hard for some people to swallow. Learn how the Ethiopians were the first men that ever lived. Ethiopians civilized the world, and ruled it for 3,000 years, etc. All references are provided from history book listed in the biblio. Shalom!

  • Public comment in reply to macarde 10, of "the first americans" - Obviously, you did not visit the link to which you were referred, CNN, or any other similar site. CNN does not provide research! They however hosted the interview with the researchers. Before you go marching into an area with which you are not familiar, please visit the link, view the interview on CNN, then speak. Just as you have no idea for the shape on the noses, likewise the nonsense you speak. Shalom

    • I’m very familiar with it. You however fail to give anything other than the same old routine of a person who lacks the ability to understand science and goes on spitting out jibberish and nonsensical claims of other pseudo scientists and centrists, even those of the competing Eurocentrists, such as Scott Elliot. You want to claim to use science but turn away from it, choosing to ignore genetics or biological adaptation to ones environment. “George Lynch that’s funny. I think anyone who sees your website, which you love to cite, as the source of all your information, they will find it rather racist in general. Claiming that someone doesn’t understand the meaning of words, in different contexts doesn’t mean they lack an understanding of the use of the words. “The only one who can’t carry a straight argument is the person who can’t provide sources other than websites and the fairy tales that they themselves spout out. Which is probably why you like to create multiple threads. Rather than actually face the vast amount of research which contradict your beliefs, you cut and run. All people see is another centrist who likes to redirect the conversation. Such as creating multiple threads, in response to the same individuals. Why? Perhaps it creates your own little world where you can believe that you are correct. However, you wouldn’t need to do that, if you truly believed in the nonsense that you peddle”.

  • Im late but that's why philippine ancestral people looks like some native american, in 1587 when the filipino escape the spanish galleon trade they interact with the locals and they were welcomed and some stay and breed with them.

  • No human is native to America

  • We're all immigrants

  • Why did the Indians leave from where they originally were?

    • Food most likely, or just the want to move.

  • I love me some Mexicans n a lot of them need to watch this video....Before the mixing their ancestors were already in America before America was even called America

    • I think most people in Latin America are aware of their heritage, mixed or not.

    • Why just Mexicans? The populations of almost every country in north and south america resulted from the inter mixing with those who crossed Beringia.

  • If they were first here, then whom documented the Mongolian Invasion of North and South America? Whom did they "invade" if they were first? Thats why our country is jacked up today, half truths that promote certain populations in false adaptations of history! Give the first description and definition of an american/Amuru Khan and tell me what they looked like, because they were the ones invaded by the mongols!! So in truth the Mongols were "not" the first Amuru Khans on this land👍

    • The bones we find, must have missed the memo of your startling discovery. The mtdna say otherwise.

  • My brains hurt

  • I'm here because I found out I'm 8.3% Native American

  • The archaeological evidence in cultures such as the building of pyramids in alignment with key star patterns, as well as the similarities in animals evolution, between mammals such as the camel, paca, llama ect, makes me believe that humans from Pangaea were on the continents before they broke, or drifted apart. The timelines for the separation from the African continent as well as others never added up. The separation from cataclysmic events in my opinion happened much more quickly than the models we have been taught. While its certain that humans also used the land-bridge it doesn't all add up, The guy in this video even had trouble stretching this hypothesis. None the less the genome sequencing is great progress and info.

    • tmz wayne incidentally, if you stand near a pyramid and walk around it, say in a jungle where there isn’t any light pollution, you can line up anything in the sky with the pyramid. The sky is awash in stars. Claiming that the stars line up, is like my claiming that specks of sand line up with a sea shell on the beach.

    • @tmz wayne and those similarities are explained fine with our current understand the evolutionary explanation for the common anatomy of many mammals and their migration paterns isn't really up for debate. Msmmals have been around for already 60 million years. Civilization didn't even exist until roughly 5000 to 8000bc it's impossible for their to be advance ship building before the creation of basic wood cutting and trimming. It's also unsupported, large sea worthy ships weren't around until thousands of years after these mass migrations and only would have exist maybe at the ass end of those migration at roughly 6000bc.and the ability to travel great distances was aways present in humans, we have evolved to be distance runners given thousands of years the migration across continents doesn't seem questionable. It's impossible at this point to say humans where around over 60 million years ago, if the current timeline changes it'll be by a few thousand not by millions.you are trying to say that civilization and advanced building was done before farming was even a thing, it's just not possible with everything that is known.the pyramids are the only similar building techniques I know of that are similar to the building in America but even then there are clear difference, and these very well could be a coincidence and most likely are since the Egyptian and natives are separated by thousands of years and several generations.

    • @Pickle Rick Sea Levels being lower, or technology along with the ability to travel great distance either by land or sea must have been present then. The similarities in mammal evolution along with building techniques or similarities is not a coincidence. We must question the established timelines to explain these things. Cataclysmic events ect

    • Impossible humans didn’t exist even close to the time of Pangea, the agreed upon time line is much more supported are reasonable.

  • These folks have a vested interest in verifying their long-held "beliefs," not scientific reality, and have proven it over and over again. Untrustworthy.

    • pat jay perhaps had you actually looked at any of them, you would know I was referring to the mtdna studies of many individuals. But clearly any sources that refute your view of history won’t be on your reading list.

    • @macarde10 So they tested more than one sample? Or the Mammoths weren't there? Kick rocks finger pointer, you're blown.

    • pat jay and yet you don’t cite anything asides from pseudo scientific dribble. You misquote scientific research. You seem to have an inaccurate view of the ancient timeline in which humans and hominids were a part of let alone their range of activity. It isn’t just one study, there’s quite a few independent studies from different countries, including scientists of different nationalities, religions, race and cultures. Here’s a few. www.sciencemag.org/news/2020/07/polynesians-steering-stars-met-native-americans-long-europeans-arrived science.sciencemag.org/content/363/6425/333.full journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0003157 www.sciencemag.org/news/2019/06/closest-known-ancestor-today-s-native-americans-found-siberia www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2734135/ phys.org/news/2016-01-genetic-ancient-trans-atlantic-migration-professor.html journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0003157 pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/24256729/

    • @macarde10 "These folks" are the peddlers of academic dogma whose vested interest lies in their precious "positions" in academia - duh. And the sources literally surround you, and them. The published facts are that two human skeletons were found in Alaska, and inconclusive deductions were drawn from the mitochondrial DNA of one of them. That"s it. Zero evidence for a Beringian peoples and zero evidence for their movements through time. Ice walls? Again, zero evidence. Of course the only evidence required to disprove this nonsense is the fact that 10s of millions of Mammoths wandered from the Steppes of Asia to San Diego and back for millions of years before 13k y.a. - so they are saying humans couldn't make it? Then at 12,950 y.a. the Mammoth ALL simply died. So, what, the humans survived there? Ridiculus. This "theory" is false on its face, being based on a false premise and anorexic science. I could cite all the journalistic, photographic, climatic, geological, chemical, and historical evidence, not to mention the fossil record, but I'm going to assume you're not a moron - bad enough these academicians already have. So please do not include yourself among those who are "interested" for if you were, I wouldn't have had to waste my time explaining something so obvious. Do your own research.

    • Who are “these people?” What is their “vested” interest? Where are your sources, and not just more CS-tv videos, cite some published facts so those of us who are interested, can search for them.

  • Set within treacherously steep cliffs, and hidden away in the secluded valleys of northeast Brazil, is some of South America’s most significant and spectacular rock art. Most known art comes from the archaeologically-important National Park of the Serra da Capivara in the state of Piauí, and it is causing quite a controversy. The reason for the uproar? The rock art is being dated to around 25,000 years ago, while a small number of eminent rock art specialists are proposing an even earlier date - perhaps as far back as 36,000 years ago.

  • Who’s Native American and watching this video

  • *The FIRST AMERICANS WERE LIKELY NEANDERTHALS:* *cs-tv.org/tv/video-2d3Dhdk30mc.html*

  • *SIBERIA is where "some" came from:* *phys.org/news/2020-05-oldest-native-americans-lake-baikal.html*

  • I don’t know would have been a good description. A lot of people have been migrating to the Américas. It’s no big deal. Africa is not that far from it.

    • Far enough that your dream doesn’t necessarily mean it is true.

  • This man is not Hank I have a problem with that

  • The originals were always here. Yall just came here and killed them all off. So there.

  • The Berigian standstill is a good though but what about the Africans that was throughout the Americas way before Spanish Portuguese Anglos latins . . What happened with that ?🤨 🕋

  • Africans Came Before Christopher Columbus Dumb Ass

    • Purge I have travelled there, many times. Unlike yourself, I’ve actually been to Latin America. Unlike yourself I actually read the academic literature. I don’t read the cute fairy tales that do not utilize science or any research after 1930. I do read the genetic studies which refute your claims, I do not read the propaganda of centrists like yourself and Ivan van sertima who made money off of people like you. Researchers do not generally, make money for publishing their findings and work. Pseudo archaeologists do. Your genetics trace back to the Bantu in Africa. The genes for sickle cell disease, so prominent amongst western culture within the populations of African descent track back to the same regions of west Africa. The archaeological record shows nothing of people such as yourself. Making whimsical claims based on iconography isn’t enough, especially when you ignore the same iconography resembles the people still living there. Strange that so many native Americans of today still have their languages, cultures, and some stories from the past. Yet why isn’t it found amongst those whom you claim to be the native Americans. Just another hole in your dream. Ignoring science and the vast mountain of data which contradicts your cute claim, doesn’t make it so. Creating multiple accounts to fill CS-tv with your lies doesn’t work. Especially when none of them can ever answer any of my questions or post any sources of actual scientific research which support any of the gibberish you spout. Enjoy!

    • macarde10 we are the indigenous Aboriginal Americans the history in the schools is a lie slavery was told in reverse they was sending black Americans out of America

    • macarde10 go to the walls of the temples in Mexico & South America & tell me what hey looked like I’ll bet you 1000$!

    • Purge too bad that’s not true. Just because you claim it, doesn’t make it so. Nice try though.

    • macarde10 the first human originated from Africa but the so called African in America are the real indigenous/aboriginal Americans

  • Originally they started from Northern area of Korea.

    • So what you’re saying is, people wanted to flee from North Korea even back then?

  • that baby has no clue that she gonna be on the internet now

  • this is one of my favorite history subjects

  • what happened to his earlobes?

  • So the problem is that recent archeological discoveries like at Cooper's Ferry seem to indicate that there were people here before the land bridge could ever have been available to traverse. 🤔

    • Jesse Lamberger I wish I were the dude from the big Lebowski 😬, so no, not quite yet. Thank you for asking though.

    • @macarde10 feel better now "dude"?

    • Jesse Lamberger hey “dude”, actually I have read up, just a tad bit. I also tend to agree that there is evidence for preclovis activity. Your statement though, is wrong, multiple appearances of the Bering land bridge over thousands of years. However since you didn’t provide anything very specific date wise, I just pointed out the land bridge has come and gone for quite some time. I think most archaeologists agree that human activity didn’t begin with Clovis technology, in the America’s. Yes I saw that you alluded to it as being traversable or not. Clovis first is a bad theory. Obviously our understanding of the archaeological record is ever changing. When I was a graduate student... monte verde was always on our thoughts and many older archaeologists blew it off as bad work. Naturally, things tend to be challenge when a new discovery seemingly upends the beliefs held by many in academia. This happens in many fields, yet work does progress. Look at what was believed 100 years ago. They thought native Americans first arrived only 5000 years ago. Look a source that isn’t Wikipedia: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3871309/

    • @macarde10 hey dude maybe try reading something other than Wikipedia for once... just a thought..

    • Not really, considering the land bridge is surmised to have appeared some 70,000 years ago.

  • Africans came over long before Columbus. That's a part of history people don't wanna touch on.

  • That's why so many people from India have some similart features like Native Americans and that's why Native Americans have some similar beliefs to what Indians believe then.

    • Or perhaps convergent cultural evolution is a thing.

  • Native Americans basically ancestry East Asian.

    • No because they are mixed with Ancient north eurasian unlike most east asians.

    • @Chip 10s of thousands not millions, seeing as how modern Homo sapiens have only been around for at the most 500,000 years.

    • Yeah like a million years back

    • Yes, but no

  • Lies look up " they were here before Columbus

  • WRONG ANSWER!!! GO BACK A WEE BIT FURTHER TRY 350,000 YEARS AGO.

    • I did, I see no hominids living in north or South America.

    • No.

  • Fact! Native Americans were here first. Should have learned that from Kennewick man.

  • I think there have been people in the America’s for much longer than we realize.

    • ZeesMMA not sure what your evidence is, but the one site that has very questionable artifacts is the only known location. Considering that people have been looking for evidence of earlier hominids or humans in the America’s, and have yet to find any clear signs of activity, makes most anthropologists doubt.

    • @macarde10 evidence continues to come out

    • Well, we need a little more proof than that. Is it possible, of course. Is there evidence, nope.

  • They say native americans come from turkic tribes such as those from the altai region of russia. similar to the huns i believe. But this is still a theory, In my opinion native americans do come from asians, but more or so north asians.

    • Mustafa المحارب النوبي I would say that dna is the biggest clue of all.

    • @Mustafa المحارب النوبي how do you know this?

  • How did they know that America has no humans living in it and other countries do?

  • Altai origin Kyrgyzstan people, they were first who crossed Alaska.

  • THEY WERE ALREADY HERE FROM THE BEGINNING OF TIME. Let it go.

  • I’d like to know who the Beringians conquered in order to settle North America. Obviously, they weren’t truly the “first Americans.”

  • So ancestory.com lied to me

  • bruh this video is helping me so much on my history essay thx

  • i hope one of the babies was ice age baby

  • actually, there never was a land mass. Every winter the ice freezes and there are ice passages. You can still do it with a dog sled this very winter.

    • Brad Delany lol ok, you run with that idea. I’ll continue to subscribe to migration theories and the archaeological record. :) I’m off be safe.

    • @macarde10 they didnt cross over. they were already here

    • Brad Delany comparing modern day populations to those of the past can lead you down the wrong path of answers. The Inuit and Aleut were the last of a group of migrations. Claiming there was no land bridge when a significantly colder climate does result in water being locked into glaciers that results in lower sea levels. The continental shelf sits high enough to have been exposed. While some people would have kept to the coast, I’m sure curiosity would have lead others to follow the animals over the land bridge. That’s the biggest flaw to your “no land bridge,” idea, the animals. How did the horses cross? How did the predecessors of today’s lions, found in North America cross over? Mammoths as well. Repeated appearances of the land bridge resulted in migrations of animals spanning thousands of years

    • @macarde10 An amazing documentary that I wish I could recall the name of for you. Perhaps it should be "wondered," if there were one. What is known is that peoples have made it across the waters here for centuries during the winter as it freezes all the way across. People still do it today. This documentary accidentally met some of the travelers who make their living on dog sleds in the region, their entire life, and have stories that go back to their ancient past. There is a cursory memory I have that they as well approached the story from they way the ocean floor was formed as well. There is an old saying, history is the book you read, and it was written by the winners.

    • How did you come up with there never having been a land bridge?

  • Just imagine how mysterious it must have been to be a Siberian who knew there was something across the strait and venture into the cold artic for some strange reason and then Years later sea levels rise and people have forgot about it for thousands of years. I’m sure Siberian’s in colombis time we’re laughing at the fact that people believed he discovered new continents

    • It's a lie. American Indigenous are not from Ásia.

  • Native Americans central asian

  • Eva crossed into the Americas before this theory how do we answer that? cs-tv.org/tv/video-YO72_fHeZ94.html

  • Blacks traveled to the Americas 1st scientific fact an that alone changes everything .

    • @Wet Mustard no my ppl were not natives

    • Ay hol up! We wuz native americunz n shieet

  • Because science RIGHT

  • Native Americans are Mexicans.

    • Some but not all, just like some Mexicans have no native American blood.

  • This doesn’t take into account the Easter island population or its impact on South America.

  • What a load of theoretical bullŞit

  • its Beringia not berinjia

  • 🙄 if it aint math, they're probably lying

  • People were in the america's before the bearing strait and they were not native indians. People have no clue about time and space. I guess the native indians build the pyramids in Mexico?

  • The Bering Strait theory is false. History is written by man for man. If dinosaurs bones are found in South Dakota and Native Americans bones are too, we have always been here. None of our stories speak about being over there? Only the whiteman is new to this continent. If it was true? Why are we not related to Russians? It’s called the BS theory by Native Americans cause its speculation from the whiteman who is too ignorant to believe us! But we still do not believe you😂

    • Matthew Kellor alright little feller

    • @Pickle Rick you sound like you have proof🤣 but you have to use DNA dot com to find your ancestors blood line. "Hmmm, Rick. Judging by your white blood cells out numbering your red blood cells, with a string code of 666. We would say you have strong European bloodlines, possible relation to Israel bloodline, which leads to when Noah got off the Ark in Palestine. Now somehow your blood line got European which means your matrilineal ancestors were sold as slaves to Roman's. .who later on migrated to france for the wine culture and pickles."

    • Matthew Kellor yet your CS-tv videos show that you subscribe to the American way, again your not who you claim to be. You just came here to pretend to be Native American and diminish the culture of groups in the United States. There is nothing wrong with being either American of Native American in culture. Yet you claim that everything is white washed and European cultures are not yours. Explain your videos? If your going to troll and try to be what you are not, while consistently sidestepping everything, at least learn to do it better. I have no idea what “our” refers to either. One language? Hardly, multiple languages spoken through out the americas, so that’s wrong. In fact, one country in south america has a native tongue for their official language, with Spanish, though official as well, being only second to it. One country? Again multiple countries with many native Americans and their descendants through out the americas. One history? Nope again, multiple countries, multiple historians outside of your supposed “tribe,” who are indigenous peoples as well. As I said above you just spout the same nonsense without any proof, while apparently being a hypocrite. Per your view, any Native American or their descendants who have no issues with Europeans and our current cultures, are brainwashed. Yet your videos show who you are in actuality. Cute try though. I’m off.

    • macarde10 it is your culture that is limited cuz you have never heard our side or learned our history. You just sit in your brainwashing classes and get fed “one country, one language, one history, one god and our way”

    • Matthew Kellor I especially like how you support your whimsical ideology with no factual examples. Rather, you utilize cute emojis, deflect with nonsensical ramblings, and generally like to go off topic by side stepping the responses to your initial comment. That is the entirety of your argument in each of your replies. It seems that, rather than have a reasonable discussion, you prefer to act like an upset teen. I don’t think you understand how this makes you appear. Perhaps that’s your goal. I suppose you can be one of those who like to portray Native Americans in a bad light, claiming to be something that you are not. Claiming to know how they all feel and think when clearly you do not.

  • By what ever means of transportation altlantiens had. Maybe a big flood after the younger dryas impact washed some ppl up haha

  • Science is the best.

  • The question doesn't make sense at all because Humanity originated in the United States over 600 million years ago. So far that was found the oldest human footprints were found in Utah he wore size 13 Sandals.

  • I just wanna know my History, thank you for the video. I'm a man of facts and this theory always had the most evidence behind it.

  • Albeit still similar, modern Asians are a little different from native Americans because of those thousands of years of migration and settlement. Also, the 500 years of colonial impact that Europe was responsible for.

  • How " the first Americans got here" haha! how about the first ones who mapped the entire continent. and civilized all of creation that's all that really matters pfft...

  • False

  • The original natives of America were people of color who were killed off. The survivors were labeled as slaves

  • damn this is mindblowing

  • How can they be the first americans if america wasn't america? First to the land? Is that how you think people "own" or "deserves" the land? This logic of "native" Americans is flawed, they weren't even native to the land by your own explanation that you learned from people who found out through the scientific method. SciShow, you are not science, merely left-leaning biased "journalists" who "sympathize" with injuns

  • Whitewashed lies...you said it yourself..you still are guessing..truth of the matter is our creation stories do not lie. We did not migrate over your landbridge..we have been here and our genealogy proves it..now tell the truth!

  • So basically America was founded by ancient Russians that looked like Indians 😂😂😂

  • I wouldnt believe this. Where is the proof???? And if this is the case. Why were the indigenous so damn darkskinned???????????? If they came from asia???

    • Dna and genetics mutations do exist.

  • this is so complicated for no reason

  • karpervis.tripod.com/school.png

  • All made up nonsense!!

  • Im utoaztecan whats up homes... Lol

  • Native Americans and all other tribes living in this Hemisphere have always here, they developed over the decades as a independent human race, the land bridge theory is just that, "A Theory"!!

    • Theory is based on data and research. A hypothesis is the first step, it’s an assumption until research is carried out. So a theory is good.

  • Who has a midterm coming soon?

  • The ice land bridge is the dumbest theory ever

    • They grew out of plants? Is that better?

  • Settlers used to boil native americans alive; so, if you find a small skeleton, then you may have stumbled upon a tortured n8tive. I can imagine if you hate enough you would literally erase a cultures whole heritage, just to make way for your own.

  • It’s not true, it’s theory many people believe because someone made it up and people believed it because of no common sense, science disproves the theory, and if the two babies were actually buried there. They were probably apart of the Inuit people. It’s all a theory, we’re not all related.

  • We now know in the ancient days civilizations were far .owe interconnected than we much thought. Way before Jesus' time. I n those days ancient Egypt North was our modern day south (on a compass) I lol at all the advanced ruins in S. America. I believe S. A.Eric and crossed Central America (ancient land bridge) to N. America while Asians crossed from Asia. Native Americans are far different physical from Inuit and even Native Americans from S. America and the genocide they speak about wasn't properly documented so well never know.

    • Asides from your nonsensical ramblings not making sense, you couldn’t be any further from the truth. If your going to make outlandish claims, cite your sources with science based research. Simple as that. Come now, share your wealth of knowledge, enlighten us!!